This requirement has two main rationales: Notice that these rationales presuppose the publication of both abstract and essay and, in so doing, assume that the main audience for the abstract is prospective readers of the published essay. However, from the perspective of an author submitting work to a journal, there is another important audience to consider: This audience looks at your abstract with their most pressing question in mind:
Writing a good abstract is a formidable undertaking and many novice researchers wonder how it is possible to condense months of work into to words. Nevertheless, creating a well-written abstract is a skill that can be learned and mastering the skill will increase the probability that your research will be selected for presentation.
The first rule of writing abstracts is to know the rules. Writing a journal abstract of scientific meetings set explicit limits on the length abstracts. Authors must pay close attention to the published details of the meeting including deadlines and suggested format.
The scientific abstract is usually divided into five unique sections: The following paragraphs summarize what is expected in each of these sections.
Title and Author Information: The title should summarize the abstract and convince the reviewers that the topic is important, relevant, and innovative.
To create a winning title, write out 6 to 10 key words found in the abstract and string them into various sentences. Once you have a sentence that adequately conveys the meaning of the work, try to condense the title yet still convey the essential message.
Some organizations require a special format for the title, such as all uppercase letters, all bolded, or in italics. Be sure to check the instructions.
Following the title, the names of all authors and their institutional affiliations are listed. It is assumed the first author listed will make the oral presentation. Determine if the first author needs to meet any eligibility requirements to make the presentation.
For example, the first author may need to be a member of the professional society sponsoring the research meeting.
This information is always included with the abstract instructions.
This usually consists of several sentences outlining the question addressed by the research. Make the first sentence of the introduction as interesting and dramatic as possible.
For example, ", people each year die of…" is more interesting than "An important cause of mortality is…" If space permits, provide a concise review of what is known about the problem addressed by the research, what remains unknown, and how your research project fills the knowledge gaps.
This is the most difficult section of the abstract to write. It must be scaled down sufficiently to allow the entire abstract to fit into the box, but at the same time it must be detailed enough to judge the validity of the work. For most clinical research abstracts, the following areas are specifically mentioned: Finally, the statistical methods used to analyze the data are described.
This section begins with a description of the subjects that were included and excluded from the study. For those excluded, provide the reason for their exclusion. Next, list the frequencies of the most important outcome variables. If possible, present comparisons of the outcome variables between various subgroups within the study treated vs.
This type of data can be efficiently presented in a table, which is an excellent use of space. But before doing this, check the rules to see if tables can be used in the abstract.
If the results are not statistically significant, present the power of your study beta-error rate to detect a difference. State concisely what can be concluded and its implications.
The conclusions must be supported by the data presented in the abstract; never present unsubstantiated personal opinion. If there is room, address the generalizability of the results to populations other than that studied and the weaknesses of the study.
Research literature has a special language that concisely and precisely communicates meaning to other researches. Abstracts should contain this special language and be used appropriately. See The Glossary of commonly used research terms.
Avoid the use of medical jargon and excessive reliance on abbreviations.Writing a good abstract is a formidable undertaking and many novice researchers wonder how it is possible to condense months of work into to words.
Nevertheless, creating a well-written abstract is a skill that can be learned and mastering the skill will increase the probability that your research will be selected for presentation.
Authors abstract various longer works, including book proposals, dissertations, and online journal articles. There are two main types of abstracts: descriptive and informative.
A descriptive abstract briefly describes the longer work, while an informative abstract presents all . Journal abstracts are usually requested by scholarly journals and written after the original manuscript was composed.
While a proposal can be quite long depending on the assignment and purpose, an abstract is generally . This article describes how to write a good computer architecture abstract for both conference and journal papers. Writers should follow a checklist consisting of: motivation, problem statement, approach, results, and conclusions.
Almost everyone knows what an abstract is: a short synopsis that precedes the text of the journal article. Fewer people fully realize the power of this little summary. Since abstracts summarize the essence of the argument and are searchable through research databases, they offer a .
An abstract is brief summary of a research article that emphasizes what is new, captures the salient features of the purpose, design, findings, and implications, and contains no unnecessary sentences or explanations.
A good abstract includes.