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Teen pregnancy has been considered a "social ill" for centuries in the United States and has always challenged moral and ethical sensibilities. The economic costs of teens giving birth are significant, and there are many compelling reasons to reduce the teen pregnancy.
Research shows that reducing the number of births to teens and increasing the age at which a women gives birth yields significant cost savings for the public sector.
Efforts to reduce teen pregnancy are mainly focused on prevention and sex education is a large part of the effort. Twenty-first century sex education programs focus on two main strategies, they are: Abstinence only teaches that abstaining from sexual activity is the only truly effective way to prevent unintended pregnancy.
Abstinence plus education focuses on delaying the initiation of sexual activity and recommends the use of contraception if a teen is sexually active. The success of abstinence only education has been exaggerated according to many sociologists and researchers.
Scientific research indicates that abstinence plus education is actually much more effective in preventing teen pregnancy.
Solving the problem of teen pregnancy has largely been relegating to treating the symptoms of the problem and employing prevention strategies aimed at young women.
Sociologists believe that reducing the rate of teen pregnancy will require developing more comprehensive and holistic solutions in the future.
Researchers, teachers, parents and community leaders are recommending and developing programs that focus on the role of boys and young men in the teen pregnancy puzzle.
Research indicates that involving boys and young men in "male only" sex education may help to significantly reduce the rate of teen pregnancy over the coming years. The effectiveness of approaching the teen pregnancy problem from holistic or system-wide view will be documented in future research.
Cultural and political attitudes toward sexuality may also hinder the formulation of a concerted effort toward confronting the problem of teen pregnancy. Instead, policy makers, educators, researchers, and parents have generally focused on preventing teen pregnancy itself rather than on addressing the societal influences that may encourage teen pregnancy.
Variables such as the age at which a teen first engages in sexual intercourse and the use or non-use of contraception can all predict the likelihood of a teen becoming pregnant. Young, unwed women have been giving birth for centuries. The "objective conditions" around teen births have not changed significantly over time.
However, changes in the language associated with the issue illustrate significant shifts in the subjective perception of "teen pregnancy" throughout history Luker, In the Colonial era, women who gave birth outside of wedlock were called "fallen women" and considered to be sinners.
The children born out of wedlock were "bastards" or "illegitimate.
During the Progressive era of the early s a more compassionate attitude toward unwed women and their children evolved. Unplanned pregnancies were no longer considered a moral or economic problem, but rather "a societal problem, an index of what was wrong with society" Luker,p.
A stigma has long been associated with giving birth out of wedlock, and the fear and shame that went along with bearing illegitimate children kept the number of unmarried births low until relatively recent decades.
Today, many sociologists admit that the stigma is largely gone, and that its disappearance has had at least some relation to the increase in teen sexual activity and pregnancy. But perhaps more important, it would also have a long-term effect on children's growth and development" p.
The age of a woman when she has her first child has a significant impact on the public sector costs associated with the birth. The younger the mother is, the higher the net cost of the birth Hoffman, The Public Costs of Teen Childbearing both attempted to calculated the relative costs associated with births to teens.
The author of the later report described his methodology, which was similar to that of the former report: The cost estimates provided in this report are based on a very conservative research approach that only includes costs that can be confidently attributed to teen childbearing itself rather than to other traits or disadvantages that often accompany teen childbearing such as poverty Hoffman,p.
By the Numbers calculated the costs in two areas:Teenage Pregnancy in America Teen pregnancy is a growing epidemic in the United States. Teen girls are becoming pregnant at an alarming rate, with a lot of the pregnancies planned. Teen Pregnancy essays The numbers of teenage pregnancy are very high but when you think about the numbers most could have been prevented with the use of protection.
Some people may not afford condoms but if you cannot afford a condom you cannot afford a baby. Children from homes ran by teenage mot. Term Papers words | ( pages) | Preview The Solution for Teen Pregnancy - Teen Pregnancy Scared, stressed, and embarrassed these words describe the emotions of a young teenager who has discovered to be pregnant.
Teen Pregnancy research papers examine the rate of pregnancy among teenagers in America. Sociology term papers can be custom written on any teen pregnancy topic. Teen pregnancy and resulting births pose many societal challenges, and as a result require the collective efforts of many to provide solutions.
Teen pregnancy has been considered a "social ill. Teenage pregnancy is defined as pregnancy in females of ages under 20 years old. There is no clearly defined minimum age for teen pregnancy, as the age of menstruation (which signals sexual maturity in human females) varies from one girl to another.