Some people continue to defend trickle-down theories, which assume [? This opinion, which has never been confirmed by the facts [! Pope Francis IEvangelii Gaudium, "The Joy of the Gospel," November 26,exclamations and questions added, The European Dream, with its emphasis on collective responsibility and global consciousness
Her parents were married in an Episcopal church in Greenwich Village. Inher father, who was a sports writer devoted to horse racing, took a position with a newspaper in San Francisco. The family lived in Oakland, Californiauntil the San Francisco Earthquake of destroyed the newspaper's facilities, and her father lost his job.
From the spontaneous response to the earthquake's devastation, the self-sacrifice of neighbors in a time of crisis, Day drew a lesson about individual action and Christian community. The family relocated to Chicago. As a young child, she showed a marked religious streak, reading the Bible frequently.
When she was ten she started to attend Church of Our Saviour, an Episcopal church in the Lincoln Park neighborhood of Chicago, after its rector convinced her mother to let Day's brothers join the church choir.
She was taken with the liturgy and its music.
She studied the catechism and was baptized and confirmed in that church in She learned about anarchy and extreme poverty from Peter Kropotkinwho promoted a belief in cooperation in contrast to Darwin's competition for survival.
She was a reluctant scholar. She "smilingly explained to impatient socialists that she was 'a pacifist even in the class war. When I read Tolstoy I was an Anarchist.
My allegiance to The Call kept me a Socialist, although a left-wing one, and my Americanism inclined me to the I. Sentenced to 30 days in jail, she served 15 days before being released, ten of them on a hunger strike.
Initially Day lived a bohemian life. In February after ending an unhappy love affair with Lionel Moise, and having an abortion that was "the great tragedy of her life,"  she married Berkeley Tobey in a civil ceremony. She spent the better part of a year with him in Europe, removed from politics, focusing on art and literature, and writing a semi-autobiographical novel, The Eleventh Virginbased on her affair with Moise.
In its "Epilogue," she tried to draw lessons about the status of women from her experience: She lived there from toentertaining friends and enjoying a romantic relationship that foundered when she took passionately to motherhood and religion.
While she visited her mother in Florida, separating from Batterham for several months, she intensified her exploration of Catholicism. When she returned to Staten Island, Batterham found her increasing devotion, attendance at Mass, and religious reading incomprehensible.
Batterham refused to attend the ceremony, and his relationship with Day became increasingly unbearable, as her desire for marriage in the Church confronted his antipathy to organized religion, Catholicism most of all.
After one last fight in late December, Day refused to allow him to return. On December 28, she had herself baptized with Sister Aloysia as her godparent.
A few months later, following the stock market crash, her contract was not renewed. She returned to New York via a sojourn in Mexico, and a family visit in Florida.
Day supported herself as a journalist, writing a gardening column for the local paper, the Staten Island Advanceand features articles and book reviews for several Catholic publications, like Commonweal. During the hunger strikes in D. She writes in her autobiography: Maurin, a French immigrant and something of a vagabond, had entered the Brothers of the Christian Schools in his native France, before emigrating, first to Canada, then to the United States.
Despite his lack of formal education, Maurin was a man of deep intellect and decidedly strong views. He had a vision of social justice and its connection with the poor, which was partly inspired by St. He had a vision of action based on a sharing of ideas and subsequent action by the poor themselves.
Maurin was deeply versed in the writings of the Church Fathers and the papal documents on social matters that had been issued by Pope Leo XIII and his successors.
Maurin provided Day with the grounding in Catholic theology of the need for social action they both felt. Years later Day described how Maurin also broadened her knowledge by bringing "a digest of the writings of Kropotkin one day, calling my attention especially to Fields, Factories, and Workshops.
It was aimed at those suffering the most in the depths of the Great Depression, "those who think there is no hope for the future", and announced to them that "the Catholic Church has a social program It provided coverage of strikes, explored working conditions, especially of women and black workers, and explicated papal teaching on social issues.
Its advocacy of federal child labor laws put it at odds with the American Church hierarchy from its first issue, but Day censored some of Maurin's attacks on the Church hierarchy and tried to have a collection of the paper's issues presented to Pope Pius XI in Day opposed its atheism, its advocacy of "class hatred" and violent revolution, and its opposition to private property.
The first issue of the Catholic Worker asked:All things Kelly Gallagher, including my books, my schedule, teacher resources and what's going on in my life as a teacher. Fidel Castro Useful US PBS "American Experience" site.
TV film based but has useful background bios and articles, timeline, newsreel footage and more. Fidel Castro - Year 1 Selections from Fidel Castro, by Robert E. Quirk §; Open verdict May archive article from The UK's Economist reports on Castro's announcement that Cuba would become a socialist state.
Fidel Castro, the former dictator of Cuba, has died at the age of Here are nine things you should know about the long-ruling Marxist leader.
1. Fidel Castro was born Fidel Ruz in near Birán, Cuba.
His father, Ángel, was a Spanish migrant who moved to Cuba and became a wealthy sugar. Established in , the Saudi-based Arab News is the Middle East’s newspaper of record and the biggest English language daily in the Kingdom. Getty Images/Getty Images Entertainment /Mario Tama/Getty Images News.
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