On the other hand, the 3 areas of the world that are most likely to have non-marital childbearing are Latin AmericaSouth Africaand Sweden. Along with this, the areas where there are an extremely high number of children living in single parent homes include AfricaEuropeLatin AmericaNorth Americaand Oceania. It has also been shown that children living in areas of South Africa are the very most likely to live with a single parent.
Senator Art Eggleton Chair in the chair. I would like the rest of the members of the committee to introduce themselves. Judith Seidman, deputy chair of the committee, from Montreal, Quebec. Tony Dean, Toronto, Ontario.
Ratna Omidvar, Toronto, Ontario. Chantal Petitclerc from Quebec. Welcome back, Senator Dean. You are looking healthier than ever. We are particularly focusing today on packaging and product promotion. Here to help us along are four witnesses: Thank you very much. In addition, for the past eight months, we have been monitoring cannabis products and prices through hundreds of illicit retail outlets in Canada.
I will talk about three things today. The first is restrictions on marketing, the second is health warnings, and the third is product labelling. Of all the areas covered in the act, I would suggest that marketing promotion can have the biggest impact on who uses, what types of products are used and for what reason.
The marketing restrictions, as you know, that are proposed in the act are modelled on those for tobacco products in Canada. Like tobacco legislation, the act seeks a balance between allowing product information to reach adult consumers while prohibiting marketing that promotes use, especially to young people.
The first lesson is that branding has the greatest impact on young people, those whom the act seeks to protect. The second lesson is that limited marketing restrictions have limited effectiveness. Now, plain packaging is an effective public health measure. Not only does it reduce the promotional appeal to young people, it also enhances the effect of health warnings.
That is not only resource intensive and difficult, but it proved ineffective for tobacco products, as it almost certainly would for cannabis.
In short, it is very difficult to put the genie back in the bottle. The fourth lesson is that the removal of branding does not promote illegal or contraband sales.
Now, testimony to other committees has suggested that restricting cannabis branding would make it more difficult for consumers to distinguish between illegal and legal products. That is simply not accurate.
In fact, the opposite is true. Cannabis products acquired through legal retail outlets will be clearly distinguished by health warnings and other labelling requirements. Overall, if the government wishes to prevent lifestyle advertising and promotion to young people, the act must include plain packaging.
I briefly want to talk about health warnings, which are another essential component of labelling policies. We have done work, and most Canadians, most youth, are uncertain about the risks of these products, and they actually want this information.
Health warnings are the most cost-effective, self-sustaining way of communicating with Canadians about cannabis. The six primary messages that have been proposed in the proposed regulations, I would suggest, represent important harm reduction messages. I would also suggest that warnings are a chance to provide support for addiction.
In Canada, for example, every single cigarette pack includes a telephone help line number and a website for Canadians who wish to quit. We have evaluated it and it works.
I would urge the government to display the same services on cannabis packaging to demonstrate its commitment to reducing addiction. Lastly, I would like to speak briefly about labelling on product contents and dose.
I would ask the committee how many people intuitively understand what 40 milligrams of THC means. Is that a little? Is that a lot? The same principles should apply to cannabis labelling. The THC and dose labelling should be reflected on the actual packaging.Effective communication is extremely important in developing relationships with children, young people and adults.
Communication is a two way process. Explain why effective communication is important in developing positive relationships with children, young people and adults it’s important that you give a child a chance to talk. > Nobody should have to put up with that kind of attack, This is simply an unrealistic expectation.
Read, say, Seneca. years ago he described pretty much the trolling and mocking we experience on the net that was carried out in public in Roman Empire with the same disastrous consequences for victims. factors for child abuse and neglect early in a child’s early life and as a young person in order to reduce these risks and improve health outcomes.
Health workers also have a key role to identify and report children and young people at risk of significant harm and in ameliorating the effects of child abuse and neglect when it does occur. If a child applies to the California Children’s Services Program pursuant to Section or of the Health and Safety Code, the State Department of Health Care Services shall determine whether the child needs medically necessary occupational therapy or physical therapy.
Jean Piaget uses the term “acted conversations” to explain a child’s style of communication that rely more is of a higher socioeconomic status experience more disadvantages because they are being removed from a more enriching environment than a child care.
(). "Effects of Communication Expectancies, Actual Communication. The attempt to give children an effective voice in social work processes which can have substantial impact on their lives takes different forms in countries with varying professional cultures and legal frameworks.
This paper reports on a study of children's participation in decision-making in care.