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History of organic farming Agriculture was practiced for thousands of years without the use of artificial chemicals.
Artificial fertilizers were first created during the midth century. These early fertilizers were cheap, powerful, and easy to transport in bulk. Similar advances occurred in chemical pesticides in the s, leading to the decade being referred to as the 'pesticide era'.
Biodynamic agriculture was the first modern system of agriculture to focus exclusively on organic methods.
Its development began in with a series of eight lectures on agriculture given by Rudolf Steiner. Among other things, they brought improved implements and improved animal husbandry methods from their scientific training; then by incorporating aspects of the local traditional methods, developed protocols for the rotation of crops, erosion prevention techniques, and the systematic use of composts and manures.
Howard attended the conference, where he met Pfeiffer. In this book he adopted Northbourne's terminology of "organic farming. Rodalewho was keenly interested both in Howard's ideas and in biodynamics,  founded in the s both a working organic farm for trials and experimentation, The Rodale Instituteand the Rodale Press to teach and advocate organic methods to the wider public.
These became important influences on the spread of organic agriculture.
Increasing environmental awareness in the general population in modern times has transformed the originally supply-driven organic movement to a demand-driven one.
Premium prices and some government subsidies attracted farmers. In the developing world, many producers farm according to traditional methods that are comparable to organic farming, but not certified, and that may not include the latest scientific advancements in organic agriculture.
In other cases, farmers in the developing world have converted to modern organic methods for economic reasons. It relies on ecological processes, biodiversity and cycles adapted to local conditions, rather than the use of inputs with adverse effects.
Organic agriculture combines tradition, innovation and science to benefit the shared environment and promote fair relationships and a good quality of life for all involved Organic farming methods are studied in the field of agroecology. While conventional agriculture uses synthetic pesticides and water-soluble synthetically purified fertilizers, organic farmers are restricted by regulations to using natural pesticides and fertilizers.
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An example of a natural pesticide is pyrethrinwhich is found naturally in the Chrysanthemum flower. The principal methods of organic farming include crop rotationgreen manures and compostbiological pest controland mechanical cultivation. These measures use the natural environment to enhance agricultural productivity: Genetically modified seeds and animals are excluded.
While organic is fundamentally different from conventional because of the use of carbon based fertilizers compared with highly soluble synthetic based fertilizers and biological pest control instead of synthetic pesticides, organic farming and large-scale conventional farming are not entirely mutually exclusive.
Many of the methods developed for organic agriculture have been borrowed by more conventional agriculture. For example, Integrated Pest Management is a multifaceted strategy that uses various organic methods of pest control whenever possible, but in conventional farming could include synthetic pesticides only as a last resort.
The science of agroecology has revealed the benefits of polyculture multiple crops in the same spacewhich is often employed in organic farming. Crop diversity helps environments thrive and protects species from going extinct.
This biological process, driven by microorganisms such as mycorrhizaallows the natural production of nutrients in the soil throughout the growing season, and has been referred to as feeding the soil to feed the plant.
Organic farming uses a variety of methods to improve soil fertility, including crop rotation, cover cropping, reduced tillage, and application of compost.AUSTIN, Texas (AP) — The owner of a Texas company that sells plans to make untraceable 3-D printed guns was back in the U.S.
Top Story Ketogenic Keys to Unlock the Secrets of Good Fats, Bad Fats and Great Health It literally gets into your cells and damages the mitochondria, the DNA - and messes with the fluidity of your membranes, affecting how things flow into and out of the cell.
The road to becoming as prosperous as Singapore is a bumpy and uphill one for the Philippines. As Singapore celebrated its 50th year of independence, one cannot help but reflect on what could have been for our own country, the Philippines.
After all, Singapore and the Philippines started as equals back in the s.
Records even suggests that the Philippines was the most developed country in. Retail is the process of selling consumer goods or services to customers through multiple channels of distribution to earn a profit.
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TAIPEI, Taiwan (The China Post) -- Diabetes kills one person every eight seconds and afflicts millions of people around the world. In Taiwan, the.