Magyars raided Byzantian territories again. The Magyars raided Byzantian territories near Thessalonike, another group raided Macedonia.
The death of the heir apparent, Archduke Rudolfin made Franz Ferdinand next in succession to the Austro-Hungarian throne after his father, who died in His desire to marry Sophie, countess of Chotek, a lady-in-waiting, brought him into sharp conflict with the emperor and the court.
In foreign affairs he tried to restore Austro-Russian understanding without endangering the alliance with Germany. At home he thought of political reforms that would have strengthened the position of the crown and weakened that of the Magyars against the other nationalities in Hungary.
His plans were based on the realization that any nationalistic policy pursued by one section of the population would endanger the multinational Habsburg empire.
His relationship with Franz Joseph was exacerbated by his continuous pressure on the emperor, who in his later years left affairs to take care of themselves but sharply resented any interference with his prerogative. He was there as inspector general of the imperial army.
The visit was not a popular one. Balkan politics were turbulent, and the neighbouring Kingdom of Serbia coveted Bosnia. Moreover, the date chosen for this imperial visit and Hapsburg show of force was June 28, a black date in Serbian history: This fanned the flames of dissent among Serbian nationalists even further.
The royal couple was travelling in a motorcade through Sarajevo in an open-topped carignorant of the fact that several would-be assassins awaited along the route of their preannounced stops.
The bomb bounced off the back of the vehicle and exploded behind them, injuring members of the entourage who were in the next car and peppering bystanders with shrapnel. After completing the planned reception at City Hall, the shaken royal couple insisted on changing their schedule and visiting the hospital to check on one of the officers injured in the morning attack.
Confusion among the drivers in the motorcade followed, with the drivers starting off in the wrong direction, down the very avenue where the conspirators were still present.
When the royal motorcade entered a side street and stopped to turn around, a compatriot of Cabrinovic, year-old Gavrilo Principseized his opportunity.
Sophie died en route and Franz Ferdinand died shortly after. Princip tried to shoot himself but was apprehended by bystanders.
All of the conspirators were eventually found and arrested. Exempted from the death penalty because of his young age, Princip was sentenced to 20 years in prison, where he died from tuberculosis in One month later, on July 28, Austria-Hungary declared war on the country seemingly behind the murders, Serbia.
Momentum became unstoppable, sparking one of the deadliest conflicts in history— World War I.In an event that is widely acknowledged to have sparked the outbreak of World War I, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, nephew of Emperor Franz Josef and heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire, is shot to death along with his wife by a Serbian nationalist in Sarajevo, Bosnia, on this day in Franz Ferdinand, archduke of Austria-Este: Franz Ferdinand, archduke of Austria-Este, Austrian archduke whose assassination was the immediate cause of World War I.
He and his wife, Sophie, were murdered by the Serb nationalist Gavrilo Princip in Sarajevo on June 28, , and a month later Austria declared war on Serbia. Workers were to sleep at their machines, to fulfill their quotas, and to make this plan a reality.
Peasants could be expected to sleep in the fields, to be able to leap into work from the earliest morning hours.
GREG KING is the author of eleven internationally published works of royal and social history, specializing in late Imperial Russia and Edwardian-era royalty, including The Fate of the Romanovs, The Court of the Last Tsar, and the UK bestseller The Duchess of Windsor.
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I was born in Switzerland, lived most of my life there, I also visited most of Europe, and I lived in the USA for over 20 years.