For example, several writers in the early s used the term to describe fax document transmission. Electronic mail has been most commonly called email or e-mail since around but variations of the spelling have been used: History of email Computer -based mail and messaging became possible with the advent of time-sharing computers in the early s, and informal methods of using shared files to pass messages were soon expanded into the first mail systems. Most developers of early mainframes and minicomputers developed similar, but generally incompatible, mail applications.
At the head of this revolution is the Internet. A place full of information, adventure, and even for some, romance. In our society today everyone has heard of this technological wonder, and many use it on a daily basis, but for some the question still remains What is the Internet, and where did it come from?
How could the US authorities successfully communicate after a nuclear war? Post nuclear America would need a command-and-control network, linked from city to city, state-to-state, and base-to-base.
But no matter how thoroughly that network was armored or protected, its switches and wiring would always be vulnerable to the impact of atomic bombs. A nuclear attack would reduce any conceivable network to tatters.
And how would the network itself be commanded and controlled? Any central authority, any network central citadel, would be an obvious and immediate target for an enemy missile. RAND mulled over this grim puzzle in deep military secrecy, and arrived at a daring solution.
The network would have no central authority. Furthermore, it would be designed from the beginning to operate while in tatters. The principles were simple, the network itself would be assumed to be unreliable at all times Krol It would be designed from the get-go to transcend its own unreliability.
All the nodes computers hooked to the network in the network would be equal in status to all other nodes, each node with its own authority to originate, pass, and receive messages.
The messages themselves would be divided into packets, each packet separately addressed. Each packet would begin at some specified source node, and end at some other specified destination node, winding its way through the network on an individual basis Krol The particular route that the packet took would be unimportant.
Only final results would count. Basically, the packet would be tossed like a hot potato from node to node, more or less in the direction of its destination, until it ended up in the proper place.
The National Physical Laboratory in Great Britain set up the first test network on these principles in The four computers could transfer data on dedicated high-speed transmission lines.
They could even be programmed remotely from other nodes. By the second year of operation, however, and odd fact became clear.
Instead, it was news and personal messages. As long as individual machines could speak the packet-switching lingua franca of new, anarchic network, their brand names, and their content, and even their ownership, were irrelevant.This is intended to be a brief, necessarily cursory and incomplete history.
Much material currently exists about the Internet, covering history, technology, and usage. A trip to almost any bookstore will find shelves of material written about the Internet.
History of the Internet. US ES FR IT BR.
to or forwarding an e-mail. Since then, e-mail has never stopped growing in influence, becoming the most common use of the Internet at the turn of the 21 st century. Also in (October), the ARPANET was introduced to the general public for the first time, at the ICCC (International Computer.
Jul 30, · Watch video · Today, almost one-third of the world’s billion people use the Internet regularly. After Sputnik’s launch, many Americans began . A brief history of the internet.
Speed read. DARPA created ARPAnet as a precursor to the internet; ARPAnet successor NSFNET formed the backbone of the US research and education network; The creation of the agency is an important moment in science history because it led to the creation of the internet we recognize today.
People had their own personal user accounts on the ARPANET computers, and their own personal address for electronic mail (email) (Overview of Internet Technology). Throughout the '70s, ARPANET's network grew, its decentralized structure made expansion easy.
Internet History -- One Page Summary. In , the ARPANET was retired and transferred to the NSFNET.
Our timeline of Internet history runs from ARPANET to World Wide Web and Facebook. Al Gore didn't invent the Internet. Here, then, is a brief history of the Internet. A Brief History of the Internet Sharing Resources. The Internet started in the s as a way for government researchers to share information. Computers in the '60s were large and immobile and in order to make use of information stored in any one computer, one had to either travel to the site of the computer or have magnetic computer tapes sent. Vannevar Bush • Summary: Vannevar Bush established the U.S. military / university research partnership that later developed the srmvision.com also wrote the first visionary description of the potential use for information technology, inspiring many of the Internet's creators.
The NSFNET was soon connected to the CSNET, which linked Universities around North America, and then to the EUnet, which connected research facilities in Europe.