An overview of hierarchical structure and the influence of social parts of organizations on correspo

Indigenous education Save Indigenous education specifically focuses on teaching indigenous knowledge, models, methods, and content within formal or non-formal educational systems. The growing recognition and use of indigenous education methods can be a response to the erosion and loss of indigenous knowledge through the processes of colonialism, globalization, and modernity. Increasingly, there has been a global shift toward recognizing and understanding indigenous models of education as a viable and legitimate form of education.

An overview of hierarchical structure and the influence of social parts of organizations on correspo

Joyce Tsai encouraged me to keep working on my dissertation project and guided me in the right direction.

An overview of hierarchical structure and the influence of social parts of organizations on correspo

Mellissa Hyde and Guolong Lai gave me administrative support as well as intel lectual guidance throughout the coursework and the research phase. Phillip Wegner inspired me with his deep understanding of critical theories. I also want to thank Alexander Alberro and Shepherd Steiner, who gave their precious advice when this project be gan.

My thanks also go to Maureen Turim for her inspiring advice and intellectual stimuli. T hanks are also due to the librarians and archivists of art resources I consulted for this project: I also wish to thank L ucy Lippard for her response to my questions.

I am fortunate to study and work with the most congenial and inspiring colleagues.

Away from the Mainstream

F inally, I am grateful to my family. My mother has sustained me with spiritual supp ort throughout the duration of my doctorial program. Institu tional Condition of MoMA The Building and Artworks On the Borders of Space and Body Art in the Communal Context Rejoice in Architectural Problems Video E xpanding the Boundaries Video in the Alternative Space Toward the Theatrical Condition A New Syntax of Temporality Formalization of Postmodern Aesthetic Art History Radical practices that emerged in the sixties complicated the poli tical and aesthetic possibilities of art in the seventies.

Medium specificity so closely identified with the modernist criticism of Clement Greenberg, was challenged in the sixties and seventies by new media and site specific, performance related art as w ell as by institutional critique and socially engaged practices.

As artists worked in the expanded context, the notion of medium opened to other media and to politico economic and socio cultural logic. These circumstances expanded the boundaries of art, an d led the contemporary art world to directly intervene in sociopolitical, economic and cultural domains My study addresses the relationship between the emergence of alternative spaces and the expand ed notion of medium in the s.

I argue that the alter native spaces provided a new field of discourse to encourag e artistic experiments and to produce new ideas of art My dissertation centers on three case studies of key alternative spaces founded in New York City in the early s: I also interpret significant changes in M oMA as the counterpart of alternative spaces in relation to the protests mounted by the Art Workers Coalition and its limits as an PAGE 9 9 incubator of new art.

T hrough a methodical analysis of artistic practices at these spaces I attempt to provide a detailed picture of the alternative art scene in downtown New York, from which the notion of medium expanded into context related and community related levels First, to address how the early alter native spaces expanded the artistic context I focus on artistic practices at Greene Street Next, I examine the role of the early alternative spaces in understanding electronic media as an art medium by addressing the practices at The Kitchen.

Thirdly I investigate Artists Space in terms of production of the postmodern aesthetic and demonstrate its transformation to a postmodern art institution.

As many have argued, the range of media, contexts, and practices evident in contemporary art is indebted to an expanded notion of medium that grew out of the late sixties In her prominent work in A V oyage on the North Sea: Art in the Age of Post Medium Condition Rosalind Krauss has proclaimed the end of medium specificity by the introduction of new media that have constitutive heterogeneity, differing from the modernist concept of purity of art.

Sh e terms this tendency the post medium condition T he notion of medium un fold ed into a compound idea of the apparatus and critical attitude to the artistic convention t hrough intermedia, interdisciplinary practice, and reference to other media and old media 2 In other essays, Krauss use s this term to explain a strategy of photography to expand its technical support by referencing to other 1 Jacki Apple, i ntroduction to Alternative s in Respect: A Historical Overview, ed.

Jacki Apple New York: PAGE 11 11 media, such as film and commercial advertisement board. The artist s desire to ex periment with a medium makes the technical support characterized as a kind of palimpsest revealing traces of different media.

This study is also indebted to the concept of the post medium condition, insist ing on the involvement of an artist as the subject to act, a medium as the technical conceptual ground of artwork, and a site as the place for art practice in that process. T herefore, the key question of thi s study is how these elements interrelate in opening up the new concept of art.

T he emergence of alternative spaces in the late s and early s coincided with the collapse of medium specificity T here had been opposition to object oriented art since Dada in the early twentieth century, followed by happenings and the Fluxus movement in the s and s.

Minimal art exemplifie s the irony of medium specificity that an extreme pursuit of medium specificity ended up in the collapsing modernist autonomy of art in the mid s.

October 81 Summer Because he could not PAGE 12 12 the discourse about an expanded notion of medium.Employment Practices Liability topic. Employment Practices Liability is an area of United States law that deals with wrongful termination, sexual harassment, discrimination, invasion of privacy, false imprisonment, breach of contract, emotional distress, and wage and hour law violations.

Organizational Structure: Mintzberg’s Framework Fred C. Lunenburg concluded from his study that an organization’s strategy tends to influence its structure. and each of these influences the structure of the organization. More recently, social scientists have augmented Chandler’s thesis by contending that an organization’s.

Indigenous education Indigenous education specifically focuses on teaching indigenous knowledge, models, methods, and content within formal or non-formal educational systems. The growing recognition and use of indigenous education methods can be a response to the erosion and loss of indigenous knowledge through the processes of colonialism, globalization, and modernity.

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